The Sound of Inclusion Incredible resource about the importance of embracing and appreciating students of all different linguistic backgrounds.


Learning Targets or Learning Objectives?

Great resource shared by a peer. Great to understand the difference between these two often interchanged terms.

Teaching & Learning

Have you ever used these terms interchangeably like I have? Do you ever get confused on what you should actually write on the board?

I ran across this Smores Blog by Amanda Ball. She has some great, simple explanations to understanding the difference between Targets and Objectives.

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Vocabulary for ELLs

  This site provides information on the importance of providing vocabulary in a culturally responsive way for ELL students. Informative video by Dr. Flores!


Summer Literacy Resources

It is so easy for students to fall back in their academics over the summer. Check out this article to find different methods for helping ELL students to keep up with their studies over the summer in fun, interactive ways.

ESL Highlights

summer reading

Language Magazine explores different methods and resources for helping ELL students to keep up with their studies over the summer in fun ways.

Find out more at

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Vocabulary Instruction & Academic Language

Apple Vocab

This is from Mrs. Tolson’s Blog and is a resource that discusses the 3 tiers of vocabulary instruction teachers should consider when teaching ELL students academic language.

Mrs. Tolson's ESL Blog

Oral language is one of the strongest predictors of reading success. In order for children to decode words and comprehend what they mean, they must first have the words in their mental lexicon. This is often frustrating for teachers because students who are English language learners or students who come from low socioeconomic backgrounds start school significantly behind their same-age peers in the number of vocabulary words they know and can use in their expressive language. There are three tiers of vocabulary that teachers should consider when planning vocabulary instruction:

  1. Tier 1 words– basic, everyday words that usually do not require instruction; ELL students will require instruction in Tier I words. (i.e. talk, chair, happy)
  2. Tier II words – More sophisticated words that are high-frequency and occur across subjects and in various contexts (compare, elegant, purpose, summary, educated)
  3. Tier III words – words that are often only found in…

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